If your budget and backyard size allows for larger garden, here is some additional information for you to consider:
1.) Location - Where is the best location for a pond?
Some gardeners prefer a sunny location for their water gardens
while others prefer shady spots. Sunny locations are preferred for the gardeners who will be stocking their ponds with lilies, hyacinths and irises, these plants prefer a sunny location, but shade tolerate plants do exist. Shady spots help to reduce the bloom of algae, but shade is usually supplied by deciduous tress that will drop leaves into the pond creating a maintenance problem. The best solution is to choose a sunny location and install a filter for algae control.
2.) Size - How big do you want your pond to be?
Map out the location of you pond using a garden hose or rope. Roughly outline the size and shape that you may want. Once you have determined the width and length of your pond, you will need to determine the depth. Depth is very important if you are planning to include fish into the pond as a minimum of 2 feet or more is required. An ideal depth for a pond is about 2 feet - this will allow a diverse selection of plants and if you decide to have fish, the pond will easily accommodate them. Ponds that are less than a foot deep tend to warm up to quickly and allow algae to take over.
3.) Moving the Water
A stagnant body of water looks peaceful and serene but in reality it is a breeding ground for mosquito larvae. Circulating or moving the water in a backyard pond is essential in keeping your pond healthy. Check here for pond areators for oxygenating large ponds
There are 3 common approaches to moving water:
Spitters - concrete, resin or bronze statues that are fitted with plumbing to 'spit' water back into the pond. Available in any nursery or garden shop they are affordable and easy to install.
Fountains - available in a variety of sizes and shapes from frothy jets to classical formal designs. When installing a fountain, it is important to install one the right proportion for your ponds design. Just as a fountain that is too big for the size of pond looks odd, a fountain that is too small also looks out of place.
Waterfalls or streams are becoming very popular as an outdoor water features. They can vary in height and width and can be an intricate water feature in the backyard pond.
Before you beginning digging - you will need to determine the type of liner best suited for your pond. Primarily there are 3 types of liners.
- Preformed or Rigid Liner - This preformed mold is the easiest liner to install - simply dig the corresponding size hole, insert the liner and backfill.
Flexible Liners - A sheet of flexible rubber that is cut into any shape and then placed in the hole and secured.
Concrete - The most expensive and difficult liner to install, but the most permanent.
The primary goal of an outdoor water garden is to bring lasting beauty and interest to any size garden, patio or balcony. Be creative, design your own unique pond and allow your personality to shine through!