Pond plants add height, texture and dimension to any water garden, making the pond a true garden oasis.

A water garden without the addition of plants is simply barren swimming pool. Pond plants are both functional as well as beautiful, if you are interested in keeping your pond clean naturally, 2 types of water plants are essential; floating and submerged. Some plants, like water lilies do not like to be in water with heavy turbulence, so you may need to plant accordingly.
Canna Water Garden Plants
Caladium Water Plant
Cardinal Pond Plant
Elephant Ears Water Plant

Marginal or Edge Plants

The most spectacular plants are in this group and every water garden needs at the very least a few of these type.This group of pond plants like their roots in water, but their leaves, stems and flowers above the waters surface. This type of plants makes a nice transition from the edge of the pond into the water. Edge plants are planted into pots and then the pots are placed along the edge of the pond. Use blocks, bricks or steps to vary the heights.

Where to buy Pond Plants - click here.

The most popular types of edge plants include:

  • Iris - Japanese, Laevgate, Siberian
  • Cattail
  • Papyrus
  • Rush - Corkscrew, Blunt Flowered, Spike, Pickerel, Zebra, Bull
  • Water Canna
  • Parrot's Feathers
  • Sweet Flag
  • Swamp Milkweed
  • Caladium
  • Marsh Marigold
  • Purple Taro
  • Bog Lily
  • Elephant Ear
  • Umbrella Palm
  • Chinese Water Chestnut
  • Umbrella Plant
  • Horsetail
  • Gunnera
  • Flags - Blue, Yellow, Variegated
  • Cardinal Flower - Great Blue
  • Skunk Cabbage
  • Big Leaf Lingularia
  • Four Leaf Water Clover
  • Water Mint
  • Watercress
  • Butterbur
  • Japanese Primrose
  • White Trumpet
  • Double Flowering Arrowhead
  • Indian Cup
  • Yellow Pitcher Plant
  • Lizards Tail
  • Meadow Rue
  • Burr Reed
  • Cattail - Dwarf, Narrow Leaf
  • Cranberry
  • Wild Rice
  • Water Plantain
  • Alligator Weed
  • Water Hyssop
  • Sedge
  • Cyperus
  • Hibiscus
  • Houttuynia
  • Pennywort
  • Hygrophila
  • Water Willow
  • Lobelia
  • Ludwigia
  • Monkey Flower
  • Forget-Me-Not
  • Frog Fruit
  • Water Bluebell

Bog Plants

Some plants love moisture but will not tolerate their roots sitting in water. A bog or marsh can be created on the outside of your pond using a piece of liner under the soil to hold the water. Bog plants are used to hide the edge of flexible pond, and create a natural transition to the rest of the garden

Types of bog plants include:

  • Aquatic Grasses
  • Ferns
  • Hostas
  • Lobelia
  • Primrose
  • Bamboo
  • Calla Lilies

Free Floating Plants

This group of plants do not require soil to grow - they get their nutrients from the water. Floating plants like duckweed and water lettuce move freely across the water surface and provide algae-suppressing shade. They also act as natural filters removing toxins from the water. Free floating plants grown in warm climates will need to be thinned regularly, some are so invasive they have been outlawed in some states.
  • Water Fern
  • Water Hyacynth
  • Duckweed
  • Fairy Moss
  • Water Poppy
  • Water Lettuce
  • Frogbit
  • Salvinia
  • Water Snowflake

Floating Leaf Plants

hese are plants that grow with their roots in soil, and their leaves floating on the surface of the water. Floating plants help to minimize algae by provide shade. This group of water plants are sensitive to having water splashed on their leaves and do better away from fountains and waterfalls.

Types of floating plants include:

  • Water Lilies
  • Lotus
  • Water Hawthorn
  • Water Pennywort
  • Marsh Marigold

Submerged or Oxygenating Plants

These non flowering plants are essential to the ecosystem of any pond. They are grown entirely underwater and help to reduce algae by removing carbon dioxide and changing it into oxygen. Maintaining the right number of plants is key in the success of your water garden. As a general guideline one bunch of this plant per square foot of pond surface should be sufficient. Submerged plants create a natural habitat for fish and in addition is their food supply.

Submerged plants include:

  • Fanwort
  • Pondweed - Curled
  • Canadian Pondweed
  • Eel Grass
  • Creeping Jenny
  • Indian Pond Lily
  • Water Fringe
  • Arrowhead
  • Duck Potato
  • Hornwort
  • Anacharis
  • Common Elodea
  • Willow Moss
  • Foxtail
  • Water Buttercup
  • Bladderwort

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