Determining the right location and where to place your water garden can determine the success of your garden pond.
- A water garden
acts like a reflecting pool, reflecting the sky, trees and surrounding plants. Before you finalize your ponds location lay down a mirror to see if you like what is reflected, you may be surprised that you are looking at a neighbors house or an unsightly fence. Place your water garden close to a patio or terrace where the ponds reflection may be enjoyed.
SOIL - Taking into consideration the type of soil at the site where you want to place your pond will be a determining factor on which style of pond works best. Sandy soil is difficult to work with when installing a flexible liner, instead opt for a preformed liner may work better. Hard or rocky soil that is difficult to dig into lends itself better to an above ground pond, try either flexible or preformed liners. Clay soil, often a gardeners nightmare is the best soil for excavating an in ground water garden, clay soil holds its shape well and will conform to any shape.
SLOPE - Consider the grade and slope of your yard and work with it. Avoid placing a pond in the lowest area - run off from the slope will collect in your pond wreaking havoc with plants and fish. Instead look for a level spot between the lowest and highest points. If your entire yard is on a slope, you may have to build a retaining wall in order to create a flat area for the pond, but lucky for you - building a pond on a slope works in your favor, as adding a waterfall or stream is a natural progression from the highest to the lowest point.
WEATHER - SUN, SHADE & WIND - Monitor the location you have chosen to be sure that your water garden will receive the necessary amount of sunshine. Aquatic plants need at least 6 hours of sunlight to survive. In addition, a shady spot will lower the temperature of the pond water making it unsuitable for some species of fish and plants. Plants suited for a water garden tend to be delicate in nature, avoid placing your pond in an open area where gusts of wind may break their delicate stems.
TREES - Trees can be a garden ponds worst enemy. While providing the perfect backdrop, they pose several problems for the ponds success. Large trees close to your pond will block the sun in the summer months as well as fill your pool with leaves and poisonous seeds in the fall. Tree roots can easily puncture a pond liner or crack a concrete retaning wall. A large hedge or shrubs make a better backdrop and wind break.